Gum Disease

According to Colgate, “gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth”. The early stages of gum disease are reversible. Although there are some reasons why you can develop gum disease, the leading cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene.

Deep cleaning is usually the first call for help when it comes to gum disease. Most people who are not informed about oral health will most likely find out that they have gum disease if they seek deep cleaning. Deep cleaning will help prevent more severe gum diseases, which if left untreated lead to bad breath and possible tooth loss. Gum disease symptoms do not always have to be painful; some can occur without much pain or discomfort to the individual.

Types of gum disease

Gingivitis
This disease causes the gums to become inflamed. Symptoms are mainly irritated, receding sometimes bleeding gums. With good oral hygiene such as regular brushing and flossing, gingivitis can be prevented. If you have already been diagnosed, professional dental cleaning and oral cleansing are treatment options.

Periodontitis
Periodontitis is very common and preventable. However, it is one of those diseases that can spread and cause damage to the jawbone if left untreated. It results in inflammation in not only the gums but the supporting structures of your teeth.

Aggressive periodontitis
Known as LAP, this is a rare kind of inflammatory gum disease. It progresses fast and causes severe attachment and bone loss specifically on the first molars and incisors. In short, it results in early tooth loss.

Chronic periodontitis
Ongoing gum inflammation can cause chronic periodontitis. It will eventually create large pockets between your gums that will fill up with the plaque that is difficult to clean at home.

Necrotising periodontal disease
Necrotising gingivitis (NG) or necrotising ulcerative gingivitis is used to categorise a group of rare oral infections. Necrosis is a biological term used to describe the death of tissue. Bad bacteria attacks the oral tissue that acts as supporting structures.